Environmental compliance- isn’t a personal commitment than a statutory demand
Environmental compliance means the adherence to the Environmental Laws prevailing in the region. UAE has enforced strict environmental regulations to protect the environment, binding under the Federal law of 24. However, each Emirate and free zones has its own environmental regulations befitting the local conditions.
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is the detailed study on environment, to be carried out at the beginning of an industry or a commercial/ residential project of considerable size or in environmentally sensitive location. EIA has been used world wide as a tool by authorities to analyze the environmental consequences of a project. For the industries which is handling high risk components- safety and process specific studies such Quantitative Risk Assessment (QRA), HAZOP (Hazard and Operability Studies), HAZID (Hazard identification) has to be carried out. Marine and oceanographic studies will be required if the project has to intake and outfalls or proximity to marine environment. However, the type of environmental studies required would be mostly project specific and would be decided by the regulatory authorities. The facility or the project could be started adopting all the remedial measures suggested by the authorities to ensure the compliance. In many cases, the process specific studies would require an expert professional assistance and the local authorities will have a list of prequalified consultants who are adept in the subject
Environmental Auditing (EA) is the periodic inspection carried out to monitor the environmental compliance in an operational facility. EA evaluates the practices followed and compares it with regulatory requirements to suggest the adequate recommendations for the improvement. Environmental Monitoring (EM) also has to be carried out to assess the emissions from the facility and to ascertain it is within allowable limits. Third party Inspection (TPI) of the equipment and adequate HSE trainings is also requirement to assure the standards of performance
However, Environmental compliance is considered as the commitment of every one, Irrespective, if there is any enforcement from the environmental authorities as any mishap in the facilities not just affect them but also even the entire community or region as was evident in Chernobyl incident. Sustainability has become a necessity of the era in combating the pace of climate change and environmental compliance would be the key step in the practice of it.
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